Globalization is a process of relationship and exchange between people, companies and governments of different countries. A process in which trade, investment and international relations are mainly involved , as well as transport and new technologies. But this process is not gratuitous, and it produces numerous effects on the planet’s environment, on politics and culture, on the economy and the prosperity and well-being of humans around the world. Globalization, in short, is a complex process that blurs distances and opens our local perspectives internationally and in different areas, although with important consequences.

But you should know that globalization is by no means a new process, even if it is still fully topical. For thousands of years people have been buying, exchanging and selling things over great distances, as for example it happened through the famous Silk Road that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages through Central Asia.

Of course, technology has been a great driver of globalization, and that is why it seems like a modern concept. Advances in information technology, in particular, have dramatically transformed people’s economic and social lives, providing all kinds of individual economic figures – consumers, investors, businesses – with valuable new tools to identify and pursue opportunities. , as well as for many people the possibility of traveling to any territory or knowing many different languages and products and in a matter of a few hours or even minutes.

Consequences of globalization in the world

Globalization affects both the standard and the quality of life, but globalization also affects the way governments around the world create policies or regulate trade and money, or the environment , which has been taken seriously. affected as a result of travel and mass manufacturing.


At a more individual level, globalization also directly affects people around the world in terms of their level of wealth , comfort, material goods and / or needs available in a given geographic area. This means that in many cases the quality of life has improved with globalization for those living in developing countries, improving the standard of living through, for example, better roads and transport, better medical care or better education. .

But the truth is that this has not happened in all places equally, and especially in those countries that are not yet considered fully developed (or underdeveloped), where globalization has had a negative or null effect on the people who live in them. . This is largely due to the fact that many companies in developed countries now have the option of establishing their manufacturing in poorer countries, where manufacturing and production costs are much less expensive and with little or no benefits for their customers. populations.

Would you be able to extract more positive and negative things from the globalization process?

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