The process of memory, from childhood to adulthood

Memory consists of storing information and retrieving it again . When the information offered by the medium to a person ends, this information does not disappear, but thanks to memory the person can keep it for different periods of time.

The report contains four prominent processes:

  • Perception. Collection or capture of information.
  • Coding. Preparation of the information received so that it can be stored. This process occurs automatically once the brain has encoded the information. Memory storage is a complex and dynamic system that changes with experience.
  • Recovery. Use of stored information in many different ways, from the simplest to the most complex.


The development of our memory step by step

As the person develops, he also acquires a greater knowledge of himself and his environment . Memory also improves and becomes more effective with age until reaching old age, a stage in which memory does not deteriorate but changes, so to speak.

There is memory from the first months of life , and this allows the child to make great progress in their learning. This initial memory consists simply of recognizing in order to identify something or someone that has been seen, heard or felt before. It is a memory, therefore, closely linked to the perception that arises spontaneously and which is also closely linked to the affective.

Later, the child can use memory to remember , but this memory exercise will no longer be something spontaneous, but will require exercise.

Short-term memory has the function of storing information temporarily, it is a kind of general manager who chooses what should be retained for a short time and what should become long-term memory. This long-term memory will allow us to remember large amounts of information for minutes or even years . In this way, short-term memory improves quantitatively with age.

Long-term memory improves qualitatively over time, it becomes increasingly flexible and complex . In this way, it is possible to remember not only the fact or data, but also the context and the meaning of what is remembered, which facilitates memorization.

With age, memory becomes more voluntary, more intentional, more orderly and understandable, and the strategies to be used can also increase. These will be more and more effective because they will adapt better and better to the task.

Around twelve years of age we are capable of being aware of our own memory , with which we already acquire a memory very similar to that of adults. Already in old age, short-term memory atrophies, but a great capacity to remember events that happened in the distant past usually develops.

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