What are teaching strategies and how to use them

Being a teacher in the world of basic education means using proper strategies and writing and preparing hundreds and hundreds of lesson plans. Whatever teaching strategy is chosen (which will depend not only on the teacher but also on your school and even your city or district), there is no denying the fact that it must and must be done well. But this is not always easy, since being able to effectively plan a lesson (think about it, organize it, write it, write it…) is a fundamental skill that must be developed.




This takes some time and a lot of practice, and one of the first teaching strategies for improving writing skills and completing a lesson plan is being able to put into words what you want students to accomplish . Once we manage to do this, it will be much easier to reach our main objective, which is none other than the academic development and advancement of students.

In this sense, didactic strategies are a set of tools used to achieve those learning objectives proposed by the teacher or by the educational community. When choosing a didactic strategy, it is recommended that you know its theoretical component for the development of skills and also inquire about best practices to achieve optimal results in students.


What are didactic strategies

Teaching strategies are those organized procedures with clear guidelines to achieve the estimated learning objectives. The strategies are proposed to be used in the long term, which can be throughout the study plan or during the proposed subject.

You may not see immediate results with the implementation of the strategy due to the learning curve that the teacher will have to go through to learn to implement it, so it is important to be patient in this regard. The important thing is that everything learned is collected and applied a second time , which will favor a progressive degree of continuous improvement.

From the implementation of the didactic strategies, the techniques, activities and resources that should be used to support the selected strategy system will emerge.


How to use teaching strategies

It is essential that a strategy be used as the central didactic axis, although various techniques may also be used that contribute to the varied learning style of students. This strategy must be part of a broader methodological strategy , that is, that starts from pedagogical principles of training and well agreed among the possible agents involved. For example, the didactic strategies to favor the development of soft skills such as creativity, critical thinking, organization and self-reflection, may be some such as the following:


  • Resolution of exercises and problems , to apply what has been learned or to reinforce previous knowledge .
  • Master lesson , when the high command of the subject by the teacher could further motivate learning.
  • Case studies , to analyze the problems and replicate the solutions.
  • Carrying out a project , ideal for helping others take responsibility and create deliverables in which to solve problems or carry out activities.




  • Learning contract , to force compliance with agreements with oneself and with others.
  • Problem-based learning , where the student is the protagonist of their own learning. This emphasizes problem discovery rather than resolution.
  • Collaborative learning is an approach where learning falls mainly on the student. To be successful, a high level of knowledge is required on the part of the students, and it is an ideal strategy to build new knowledge in which the teacher becomes one more student.
  • Cooperative learning, in this case it is the teacher who designs the forms of student participation. This encourages responsibility and the achievement of common goals.


Very interesting, thanks.

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good to work within the learning process.

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This type of publication is very useful to us teachers. Thank you

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