The General Assembly of the United Nations approved the General Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. We all know of its existence, but almost no one is very clear about what rights it exactly includes and thus it is difficult for society to demand its fulfillment. It is important that we get to know them and, furthermore, that we do so because the children around us are also aware of them.

The Declaration of the Rights of the Child consists of 54 articles that are grouped under these fundamental principles:

  1. Equality right

Under no circumstances should they suffer any type of discrimination, neither because of their condition, nor that of their family. In addition, they must enjoy absolute respect for their beliefs, culture, folklore, language or customs, without being able to suffer rejection for any of these signs of identity.

  1. Right to identity

They must have a name and surname, being their registration free of charge and not meaning the loss of any rights, which at a certain time lack this documentation. They must also be granted a nationality to strengthen their roots and origins.

  1. Right to love

They have the right to live together as a family, receiving care and love, except when the competent authority rejects it, always after an investigation and prioritizing the interests of the minor above all else.

  1. Education rights

They must have access to a quality education that fosters respect and values that will make the child involved in their environment and aware of the reality that surrounds them.

  1. Right to protection

Perhaps the most basic: no one can attempt against the life of a minor, in addition to guaranteeing their survival under any circumstance in dignified conditions.

  1. Right to quality of life

For optimal health, you have the right to free and skilled medical care.

  1. Right to liberty

They have complete freedom to express their opinion, and that this is taken into account. According to the age of the minor, they will have the right to be heard in matters in which they are an interested and / or decisive party.

  1. Right to integration

They must be provided with the physical or technological means necessary for their full integration if they have a disability or delay. Of course, as children, rest and fun have to be part of their life, as well as easy access to sports, cultural and leisure activities, essential for their comprehensive training.

  1. Right to help

Obligation to protect them against cruelty, abandonment and exploitation, guaranteeing their protection with legal certainty always and in any case that is needed.

  1. Right to grow up in peace

The right to live in a healthy and conducive environment is basic so that the child’s development is harmonious and happy. For growth without fear in freedom, the minor must live without violence and without feeling threatened.

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