Meet the Nürnberg Terrestrial World: World’s Earliest Globe Version

The Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe is the oldest existing scale version of Earth. Referred to as the Erdapfel (suggesting “Planet apple”), it was produced around 1492 by German traveler Martin Behaim and also painter Georg Albrecht Glockenthon.

Numerous information of Behaim’s life are not entirely understood, yet around 1480 he traveled as a seller to Portugal, where his reputation as a trainee of terrestrial and also celestial map-making scored him a work as a navigating consultant to King John II. In those days, the navigational instrument known as an astrolabe was made from timber, and also Behaim is believed to have introduced a boosted version made of brass.

After traveling along the shore of western Africa with fellow traveler Diogo Cão, Behaim went back to his home town of Nuremberg in 1490 as well as started work on the Erdapfel. Although he intended to integrate such updated features as longitude lines (also known as meridians) and also an equator, the globe did not include the Americas, since Europeans had not “uncovered” those continents yet.

The Erdapfel was likewise covered with illustrations and also message that supplied details of mythical lands, stories, creatures, and also resources drawn from historical resources such as Ptolemy and also Marco Polo. It enhanced Christopher Columbus’s view of the world, since Behaim attracted his concepts from the very same sources. In fact, the world placed a lot of what 15th-century European scholars found out about the world in one location.

With numerous mistakes on it, the Erdapfel wouldn’t be very useful now for sensible things like navigation or doing your location homework. But the globe is still very vital to historians, since it incorporates the majority of what Western human being found out about Earth back then. And also, although it is not extremely precise, its axis does tilt at the appropriate angle.

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